A journal of IEEE and CAA , publishes high-quality papers in English on original theoretical/experimental research and development in all areas of automation
Volume 6 Issue 3
May  2019

IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica

  • JCR Impact Factor: 6.171, Top 11% (SCI Q1)
    CiteScore: 11.2, Top 5% (Q1)
    Google Scholar h5-index: 51, TOP 8
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Satish Kumar, Rajesh Devaraj and Arnab Sarkar, "A Hybrid Offline-Online Approach to Adaptive Downlink Resource Allocation Over LTE," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 766-777, May 2019. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511105
Citation: Satish Kumar, Rajesh Devaraj and Arnab Sarkar, "A Hybrid Offline-Online Approach to Adaptive Downlink Resource Allocation Over LTE," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 766-777, May 2019. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511105

A Hybrid Offline-Online Approach to Adaptive Downlink Resource Allocation Over LTE

doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511105
Funds:  This work was partially supported by TATA Consultancy Services (TCS), India, through TCS Research Fellowship Program
More Information
  • Radio resource management mechanisms in current and future wireless networks is expected to face an enormous challenge due to the ever increasing demand for bandwidth and latency sensitive applications on mobile devices. This is because an optimal resource allocation scheme which attempts to multiplex the available bandwidth in order to maximize Quality of service (QoS), will pose an exponential computational burden at eNodeB. In order to minimize such computational overhead, this work proposes a hybrid offline-online resource allocation strategy which effectively allocates all the available resources among flows such that their QoS requirements are satisfied. The flows are firstly classified into priority buckets based on real-time criticality factors. During the offline phase, the scheduler attempts to maintain the system load within a pre-specified safe threshold value by selecting an appropriate number of buckets. This offline selection procedure makes use of supervisory control theory of discrete event systems to synthesize an offline scheduler. Next, we have devised an online resource allocation strategy which runs on top of the offline policy and attempts to minimize the impact of the inherent variability in wireless networks. Simulation results show that the proposed scheduling framework is able to provide satisfactory QoS to all end users in most practical scenarios.


  • loading
  • [1]
    C. V. N. Index, "Global mobile data traffic forecast update, 2015-2020, " White Paper, Feb. 3, 2016.[Online]. Available: http://goo.gl/ylTuVx.
    C. Cox, An Introduction to LTE: LTE, LTE-Advanced, SAE and 4G Mobile Communications. London, UK: John Wiley & Sons, 2012.
    G. Piro, L. A. Grieco, G. Boggia, R. Fortuna, and P. Camarda, "Two-level downlink scheduling for real-time multimedia services in LTE networks, " IEEE Trans. Multimedia, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 1052-1065, Oct. 2011. http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2334941
    J. T. S. Avocanh, M. Abdennebi, and J. Ben-Othman, "A new two-level scheduling algorithm for the downlink of LTE networks, " in Proc. IEEE Global Communications Conf. (GLOBECOM), Atlanta, GA, USA, 2013, pp. 4519-4523.
    A. Pokhariyal, K. I. Pedersen, G. Monghal, I. Z. Kovacs, C. Rosa, T. E. Kolding, and P. E. Mogensen, "HARQ aware frequency domain packet scheduler with different degrees of fairness for the UTRAN long term evolution, " in Proc. 65th Vehicular Technology Conf.-VTC2007-Spring, Dublin, Ireland, 2007, pp. 2761-2765.
    S. Kumar, A. Sarkar, S. Sriram, and A. Sur, "A three level LTE downlink scheduling framework for RT VBR traffic, " Comput. Netw., vol. 91, pp. 654-674, Nov. 2015.
    S. Kumar, S. Sriram, A. Sarkar, and A. Sur, "A three level adaptive video streaming framework over LTE, " in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC), Budapest, Hungary, 2016, pp. 2442-2447.
    R. Nossenson, "Long-term evolution network architecture, " in IEEE Int. Conf. Microwaves, Communications, Antennas and Electronics Systems, Tel Aviv, Israel, 2009, pp. 1-4.
    G. Piro, L. A. Grieco, G. Boggia, F. Capozzi, and P. Camarda, "Simulating LTE cellular systems: An open-source framework, " IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 498-513, Feb. 2011.
    3GPP, "Tech. Specif. Group Radio Access Network; Conveying MCS and TB Size via PDCCH, " 3GPP TSG-RAN WG1 R1-081483.
    C. G. Cassandras and S. Lafortune, Introduction to Discrete Event Systems. 2nd ed. New York, USA: Springer, 2008.
    R. Devaraj, A. Sarkar, and S. Biswas, "Real-time scheduling of non-preemptive sporadic tasks on uniprocessor systems using supervisory control of timed DES, " in Proc. American Control Conference (ACC), Seattle, WA, USA, 2017, pp. 3212-3217.
    M. Agarwal, S. Biswas, and S. Nandi, "Discrete event system framework for fault diagnosis with measurement inconsistency: case study of rogue dhcp attack, " IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, doi: 10.1109/JAS.2017.7510379, 2019.
    M. Agarwal, S. Purwar, S. Biswas, and S. Nandi, "Intrusion detection system for PS-Poll DoS attack in 802.11 networks using real time discrete event system, " IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 792-808, Nov. 2017.
    R. Devaraj, A. Sarkar, and S. Biswas, "Fault-tolerant preemptive aperiodic RT scheduling by supervisory control of TDES on multiprocessors, " ACM Trans. Embedded Comput. Syst., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 87, Jul. 2017.
    A. S. Tanenbaum and H. Bos, Modern Operating Systems. 4th ed. London, UK: Prentice Hall Press, 2014.
    V. Vukadinovic and G. Karlsson, "Video streaming performance under proportional fair scheduling, " IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 399-408, Apr. 2010. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/icp.jsp?arnumber=5434405
    F. Capozzi, G. Piro, L. A. Grieco, G. Boggia, and P. Camarda, "Downlink packet scheduling in LTE cellular networks: Key design issues and a survey, " IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 678-700, Apr.-Jun. 2013.
    S. Shakkottai and A. L. Stolyar, "Scheduling for multiple flows sharing a time-varying channel: the exponential rule, " American Mathematical Society Translations, Series, vol. 2, pp. 2002, 2000.
    B. Sadiq, S. J. Baek, and G. de Veciana, "Delay-optimal opportunistic scheduling and approximations: the log rule, " IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 405-418, Apr. 2011. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/icp.jsp?arnumber=5062088
    H. Chen, P. Y. Sun, and K. H. Guo, "Constrained h-infinity control of active suspensions: an LMI approach, " in Proc. Int. Conf. Control and Automation, Xiamen, China, 2002, pp. 157.
    W. C. Sun, H. J. Gao, and O. Kaynak, "Vibration isolation for active suspensions with performance constraints and actuator saturation, " IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatron., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 675-683, Apr. 2015.
    W. C. Sun, H. H. Pan, and H. J. Gao, "Filter-based adaptive vibration control for active vehicle suspensions with electrohydraulic actuators, " IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 4619-4626, Jun. 2016.
    M. M. S. Pasand and M. Montazeri, "Structural properties, LQG control and scheduling of a networked control system with bandwidth limitations and transmission delays, " IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, doi: 10.1109/JAS.2017.75103732017, 2017.
    C. Bettstetter, "Mobility modeling in wireless networks: Categorization, smooth movement, and border effects, " ACM SIGMOBILE Mob. Comput. Commun. Rev., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 55-66, Jul. 2001.


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(13)  / Tables(4)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (1108) PDF downloads(27) Cited by()


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint