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Volume 6 Issue 1
Jan.  2019

IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica

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Long Chen, Xuemin Hu, Wei Tian, Hong Wang, Dongpu Cao and Fei-Yue Wang, "Parallel Planning: A New Motion Planning Framework for Autonomous Driving," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 236-246, Jan. 2019. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511186
Citation: Long Chen, Xuemin Hu, Wei Tian, Hong Wang, Dongpu Cao and Fei-Yue Wang, "Parallel Planning: A New Motion Planning Framework for Autonomous Driving," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 236-246, Jan. 2019. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511186

Parallel Planning: A New Motion Planning Framework for Autonomous Driving

doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511186
Funds:

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 61773414

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 61806076

Hubei Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China 2018CFB158

More Information
  • Motion planning is one of the most significant technologies for autonomous driving. To make motion planning models able to learn from the environment and to deal with emergency situations, a new motion planning framework called as "parallel planning" is proposed in this paper. In order to generate sufficient and various training samples, artificial traffic scenes are firstly constructed based on the knowledge from the reality. A deep planning model which combines a convolutional neural network (CNN) with the Long Short-Term Memory module (LSTM) is developed to make planning decisions in an end-toend mode. This model can learn from both real and artificial traffic scenes and imitate the driving style of human drivers. Moreover, a parallel deep reinforcement learning approach is also presented to improve the robustness of planning model and reduce the error rate. To handle emergency situations, a hybrid generative model including a variational auto-encoder (VAE) and a generative adversarial network (GAN) is utilized to learn from virtual emergencies generated in artificial traffic scenes. While an autonomous vehicle is moving, the hybrid generative model generates multiple video clips in parallel, which correspond to different potential emergency scenarios. Simultaneously, the deep planning model makes planning decisions for both virtual and current real scenes. The final planning decision is determined by analysis of real observations. Leveraging the parallel planning approach, the planner is able to make rational decisions without heavy calculation burden when an emergency occurs.

     

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