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Volume 6 Issue 3
May  2019

IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica

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Jonathan M. Garibaldi, "The Need for Fuzzy AI," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 610-622, May 2019. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2019.1911465
Citation: Jonathan M. Garibaldi, "The Need for Fuzzy AI," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 610-622, May 2019. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2019.1911465

The Need for Fuzzy AI

doi: 10.1109/JAS.2019.1911465
Funds:  This work was supported by University of Nottingham
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  • Artificial intelligence (AI) is once again a topic of huge interest for computer scientists around the world. Whilst advances in the capability of machines are being made all around the world at an incredible rate, there is also increasing focus on the need for computerised systems to be able to explain their decisions, at least to some degree. It is also clear that data and knowledge in the real world are characterised by uncertainty. Fuzzy systems can provide decision support, which both handle uncertainty and have explicit representations of uncertain knowledge and inference processes. However, it is not yet clear how any decision support systems, including those featuring fuzzy methods, should be evaluated as to whether their use is permitted. This paper presents a conceptual framework of indistinguishability as the key component of the evaluation of computerised decision support systems. Case studies are presented in which it has been clearly demonstrated that human expert performance is less than perfect, together with techniques that may enable fuzzy systems to emulate human-level performance including variability. In conclusion, this paper argues for the need for " fuzzy AI” in two senses: (i) the need for fuzzy methodologies (in the technical sense of Zadeh’s fuzzy sets and systems) as knowledge-based systems to represent and reason with uncertainty; and (ii) the need for fuzziness (in the non-technical sense) with an acceptance of imperfect performance in evaluating AI systems.

     

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