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Volume 6 Issue 5
Sep.  2019

IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica

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Yifan Xia, Hui Yu and Fei-Yue Wang, "Accurate and Robust Eye Center Localization via Fully Convolutional Networks," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 1127-1138, Sept. 2019. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2019.1911684
Citation: Yifan Xia, Hui Yu and Fei-Yue Wang, "Accurate and Robust Eye Center Localization via Fully Convolutional Networks," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 1127-1138, Sept. 2019. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2019.1911684

Accurate and Robust Eye Center Localization via Fully Convolutional Networks

doi: 10.1109/JAS.2019.1911684
Funds:  This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (61533019, U1811463), Open Fund of the State Key Laboratory for Management and Control of Complex Systems, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Y6S9011F51), and in part by the EPSRC Project (EP/N025849/1)
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  • Eye center localization is one of the most crucial and basic requirements for some human-computer interaction applications such as eye gaze estimation and eye tracking. There is a large body of works on this topic in recent years, but the accuracy still needs to be improved due to challenges in appearance such as the high variability of shapes, lighting conditions, viewing angles and possible occlusions. To address these problems and limitations, we propose a novel approach in this paper for the eye center localization with a fully convolutional network (FCN), which is an end-to-end and pixels-to-pixels network and can locate the eye center accurately. The key idea is to apply the FCN from the object semantic segmentation task to the eye center localization task since the problem of eye center localization can be regarded as a special semantic segmentation problem. We adapt contemporary FCN into a shallow structure with a large kernel convolutional block and transfer their performance from semantic segmentation to the eye center localization task by fine-tuning. Extensive experiments show that the proposed method outperforms the state-of-the-art methods in both accuracy and reliability of eye center localization. The proposed method has achieved a large performance improvement on the most challenging database and it thus provides a promising solution to some challenging applications.

     

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