A journal of IEEE and CAA , publishes high-quality papers in English on original theoretical/experimental research and development in all areas of automation
Volume 7 Issue 2
Mar.  2020

IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica

  • JCR Impact Factor: 6.171, Top 11% (SCI Q1)
    CiteScore: 11.2, Top 5% (Q1)
    Google Scholar h5-index: 51, TOP 8
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Mithu Sarkar, Bidyadhar Subudhi and Sandip Ghosh, "Unified Smith Predictor Based H∞ Wide-Area Damping Controller to Improve the Control Resiliency to Communication Failure," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 584-596, Mar. 2020. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2020.1003066
Citation: Mithu Sarkar, Bidyadhar Subudhi and Sandip Ghosh, "Unified Smith Predictor Based H Wide-Area Damping Controller to Improve the Control Resiliency to Communication Failure," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 584-596, Mar. 2020. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2020.1003066

Unified Smith Predictor Based H Wide-Area Damping Controller to Improve the Control Resiliency to Communication Failure

doi: 10.1109/JAS.2020.1003066
Funds:  This work was support by the Central Power Research Institute, India (CPRI/RD/RSOP/GRANT/2015)
More Information
  • Inter-area low frequency oscillation in power system is one of the major problems for bulk power transmission through weak tie lines. Use of wide-area signal is more effective than the local area signal in damping out the inter-area oscillations. Wide area measurement system (WAMS) is convenient to transmit the wide area signal through the communication channel to the remote location. Communication failure is one of the disastrous phenomena in a communication channel. In this paper, a dual input single output (DISO) H controller is designed to build the control resiliency by employing two highest observability ranking wide area signals with respect to the critical damping inter-area mode. The proposed controller can provide sufficient damping to the system and also the system remains stabilized if one of the wide-area signals is lost. The time delay is an unwanted phenomenon that degrades the performance of the controllers. The unified Smith predictor approach is used to design a H controller to handle the time delay. Kundur’s two-area and IEEE-39 bus test systems are considered to verify the effectiveness of the proposed controller. From the simulation results, it is verified that, the proposed controller provides excellent damping performance at normal communication and improves the controller resiliency to counteract the communication failure.

     

  • loading
  • [1]
    P. Kundur, Power System Stability and Control. New Delhi, India: McGraw Hill Education Private Limited, 2010.
    [2]
    B. Pal and B. Chaudhuri, Robust Control in Power Systems. Springer Science & Business Media, 2006.
    [3]
    J. H. Chow, J. J. Sanchez-Gasca, H. Ren, and S. Wang, “Power system damping controller design-using multiple input signals,” IEEE Control Systems, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 82–90, 2000. doi: 10.1109/37.856181
    [4]
    D. Dotta, A. e Silva, and I. Decker, “Wide-area measurements-based two-level control design considering signal transmission delay,” IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 208–216, Feb. 2009. doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2008.2004733
    [5]
    I. Kamwa, R. Grondin, and Y. Hebert, “Wide-area measurement based stabilizing control of large power systems-a decentralized/hierarchical approach,” IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 136–153, Feb. 2001. doi: 10.1109/59.910791
    [6]
    B. Chaudhuri, R. Majumder, and B. C. Pal, “Wide-area measurementbased stabilizing control of power system considering signal transmission delay,” IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1971–1979, 2004. doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2004.835669
    [7]
    W. Yao, L. Jiang, Q. Wu, J. Wen, and S. Cheng, “Delay-dependent stability analysis of the power system with a wide-area damping controller embedded,” IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 233–240, 2011. doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2010.2093031
    [8]
    S. Ghosh, K. Folly, and A. Patel, “Synchronized versus nonsynchronized feedback for speed-based wide-area pss: effect of timedelay,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, 2016.
    [9]
    W. Yao, L. Jiang, J. Wen, Q. Wu, and S. Cheng, “Wide-area damping controller of facts devices for inter-area oscillations considering communication time delays,” IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 318–329, Jan. 2014. doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2013.2280216
    [10]
    H. Wu, H. Ni, and G. T. Heydt, “The impact of time delay on robust control design in power systems,” in IEEE Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting, vol. 2, 2002, pp. 1511–1516.
    [11]
    S. Zhang and V. Vittal, “Design of wide-area power system damping controllers resilient to communication failures,” IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 4292–4300, 2013. doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2013.2261828
    [12]
    R. Majumder, B. Chaudhuri, B. C. Pal, and Q.-C. Zhong, “A unified Smith predictor approach for power system damping control design using remote signals,” IEEE Trans. Control Systems Technology, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 1063–1068, 2005. doi: 10.1109/TCST.2005.854340
    [13]
    W. Yao, L. Jiang, J. Wen, Q. Wu, and S. Cheng, “Wide-area damping controller for power system interarea oscillations: a networked predictive control approach,” IEEE Trans. Control Systems Technology, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 27–36, 2015. doi: 10.1109/TCST.2014.2311852
    [14]
    A. Farraj, E. Hammad, and D. Kundur, “A cyber-physical control framework for transient stability in smart grids,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 1205–1215, 2018. doi: 10.1109/TSG.2016.2581588
    [15]
    Y. Shen, W. Yao, J. Wen, H. He, and L. Jiang, “Resilient widearea damping control using GrHDP to tolerate communication failures,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, 2018. doi: 10.1109/TSG.2018.2803822
    [16]
    Y. Shen, W. Yao, J. Wen, and H. He, “Adaptive wide-area power oscillation damper design for photovoltaic plant considering delay compensation,” IET Generation,Transmission &Distribution, vol. 11, no. 18, pp. 4511–4519, 2017.
    [17]
    M. E. Raoufat, K. Tomsovic, and S. M. Djouadi, “Virtual actuators for wide-area damping control of power systems,” IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 4703–4711, 2016. doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2015.2506345
    [18]
    S. Khosravani, I. N. Moghaddam, A. Afshar, and M. Karrari, “Widearea measurement-based fault tolerant control of power system during sensor failure,” Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 137, pp. 66–75, 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.jpgr.2016.03.024
    [19]
    F. R. S. Sevilla, I. Jaimoukha, B. Chaudhuri, and P. Korba, “Faulttolerant wide-area control for power oscillation damping,” in Proc. IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, 2012, pp. 1–8.
    [20]
    M. E. Bento, D. Dotta, R. Kuiava, and R. A. Ramos, “A procedure to design fault-tolerant wide-area damping controllers,” IEEE Access, vol. 6, pp. 23383–23405, 2018. doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2828609
    [21]
    F. S. Sevilla, I. Jaimoukha, B. Chaudhuri, and P. Korba, “Power oscillation damping improvement using an iterative fault-tolerant widearea control approach,” IFAC Proceedings Volumes, vol. 45, no. 21, pp. 156–161, 2012. doi: 10.3182/20120902-4-FR-2032.00029
    [22]
    B. Chaudhuri and B. C. Pal, “Robust damping of multiple swing modes employing global stabilizing signals with a TCSC,” IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 499–506, 2004. doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2003.821463
    [23]
    Y. Zhang and A. Bose, “Design of wide-area damping controllers for interarea oscillations,” IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1136–1143, Aug. 2008. doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2008.926718
    [24]
    V. Toochinda, C. Hollott, and Y. Chait, “Disturbance attenuation in a sito feedback control system,” in Proc. 2002 American Control Conf., vol. 1, pp. 481–486.
    [25]
    Q.-C. Zhong, “H control of dead-time systems based on a transformation,” Automatica, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 361–366, 2003. doi: 10.1016/S0005-1098(02)00225-X
    [26]
    O. Smith, “Closer control of loops with dead time,” Chem. Eng. Prog., vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 217–219, 1957.
    [27]
    K. Watanabe and M. Ito, “A process-model control for linear systems with delay,” IEEE Trans. Automatic Control, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 1261–1269, 1981. doi: 10.1109/TAC.1981.1102802
    [28]
    Q.-C. Zhong and G. Weiss, “A unified Smith predictor based on the spectral decomposition of the plant,” Int. J. Control, vol. 77, no. 15, pp. 1362–1371, 2004. doi: 10.1080/0020717042000297171
    [29]
    S. Skogestad and I. Postlethwaite, Multivariable Feedback Control: Analysis and Design. Wiley New York, 2007, vol. 2.
    [30]
    M. Chilali and P. Gahinet, “H design with pole placement constraints: an LMI approach,” IEEE Trans. Automatic Control, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 358–367, 1996. doi: 10.1109/9.486637
    [31]
    B. C. Pal, A. H. Coonick, I. M. Jaimoukha, and H. El-Zobaidi, “A linear matrix inequality approach to robust damping control design in power systems with superconducting magnetic energy storage device,” IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 356–362, 2000. doi: 10.1109/59.852144
    [32]
    A. Hamdan and A. Elabdalla, “Geometric measures of modal controllability and observability of power system models,” Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 147–155, 1988. doi: 10.1016/0378-7796(88)90018-1
    [33]
    M. Pai, Energy Functionan Analysis for Power System Stability. Springer Science Business Media, 1989.
    [34]
    R. Jabr, B. Pal, N. Martins, and J. Ferraz, “Robust and coordinated tuning of power system stabiliser gains using sequential linear programming,” IET Generation,Transmission and Distribution, vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 893–904, 2010. doi: 10.1049/iet-gtd.2009.0669

Catalog

    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(35)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (812) PDF downloads(29) Cited by()

    Highlights

    • Designed H controller for improving resiliency by via wide area signalswithhighestobservabilityfactor.
    • To handle a range of time delay in feedback signal Unified Smith Predictor approach is applied.
    • Verified the controllers on the Kundur’s two-area system and IEEE-39 bussystem.

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return