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Volume 8 Issue 12
Dec.  2021

IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica

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Dongliang Xu, Wei Shi, Wensheng Zhai and Zhihong Tian, "Multi-Candidate Voting Model Based on Blockchain," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 8, no. 12, pp. 1891-1900, Dec. 2021. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2021.1004207
Citation: Dongliang Xu, Wei Shi, Wensheng Zhai and Zhihong Tian, "Multi-Candidate Voting Model Based on Blockchain," IEEE/CAA J. Autom. Sinica, vol. 8, no. 12, pp. 1891-1900, Dec. 2021. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2021.1004207

Multi-Candidate Voting Model Based on Blockchain

doi: 10.1109/JAS.2021.1004207
Funds:  This work was supported in part by Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation (ZR2019PF007), the National Key Research and Development Plan of China (2018YFB0803504), Basic Scientific Research Operating Expenses of Shandong University (2018ZQXM004), Guangdong Province Key Research and Development Plan (2019B010137004), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (U20B2046)
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  • Electronic voting has partially solved the problems of poor anonymity and low efficiency associated with traditional voting. However, the difficulties it introduces into the supervision of the vote counting, as well as its need for a concurrent guaranteed trusted third party, should not be overlooked. With the advent of blockchain technology in recent years, its features such as decentralization, anonymity, and non-tampering have made it a good candidate in solving the problems that electronic voting faces. In this study, we propose a multi-candidate voting model based on the blockchain technology. With the introduction of an asymmetric encryption and an anonymity-preserving voting algorithm, votes can be counted without relying on a third party, and the voting results can be displayed in real time in a manner that satisfies various levels of voting security and privacy requirements. Experimental results show that the proposed model solves the aforementioned problems of electronic voting without significant negative impact from an increasing number of voters or candidates.


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    • This paper uses blockchain technology, which has the characteristics of decentralization, anonymity and non tampering.
    • In this paper, asymmetric encryption and anonymous voting algorithm are introduced to calculate votes without relying on a third party.
    • Voting results can be displayed in real time in some way to meet different levels of voting security and privacy requirements. The experimental results show that the model is effective.


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