A journal of IEEE and CAA , publishes high-quality papers in English on original theoretical/experimental research and development in all areas of automation
Volume 1 Issue 3
Jul.  2014

IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica

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Article Contents
Quan Liu, Xin Zhou, Fei Zhu, Qiming Fu and Yuchen Fu, "Experience Replay for Least-Squares Policy Iteration," IEEE/CAA J. of Autom. Sinica, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 274-281, 2014.
Citation: Quan Liu, Xin Zhou, Fei Zhu, Qiming Fu and Yuchen Fu, "Experience Replay for Least-Squares Policy Iteration," IEEE/CAA J. of Autom. Sinica, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 274-281, 2014.

Experience Replay for Least-Squares Policy Iteration


This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (61303108, 61272005, 61373094, 61103045), Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu (BK2012616), High School Natural Foundation of Jiangsu (13KJB520020), Key Laboratory of Symbolic Computation and Knowledge Engineering of Ministry of Education, Jilin University (93K172014K04), Suzhou Industrial Application of Basic Research Program (SYG201422).

  • Policy iteration, which evaluates and improves the control policy iteratively, is a reinforcement learning method. Policy evaluation with the least-squares method can draw more useful information from the empirical data and therefore improve the data validity. However, most existing online least-squares policy iteration methods only use each sample just once, resulting in the low utilization rate. With the goal of improving the utilization efficiency, we propose an experience replay for least-squares policy iteration (ERLSPI) and prove its convergence. ERLSPI method combines online least-squares policy iteration method with experience replay, stores the samples which are generated online, and reuses these samples with least-squares method to update the control policy. We apply the ERLSPI method for the inverted pendulum system, a typical benchmark testing. The experimental results show that the method can effectively take advantage of the previous experience and knowledge, improve the empirical utilization efficiency, and accelerate the convergence speed.


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